Community Empowerment and Farmer Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries

Budi Permadi


Farmer community empowerment in agriculture development plays a significant role. Community empowerment is expected to reduce poverty, especially among farmers. The purpose of this paper is to summarize what are the causes of farmer poverty and what efforts have been made regarding community empowerment, to alleviate the poverty in the developing countries, especially in Indonesia and Ghana. This study used literature review approach to conduct a brief review of community empowerment and farmer poverty reduction. The results obtained, based on literature reviews and analyses, are the causes of farmer poverty such as low investment ability of farmers, dependence of farmers, dependence on funds, non-fulfillment of basic needs of farmer households, inadequate access to finance and extension services, etc. The findings suggest the programs to alleviate farmer poverty such as market creation for farmers, establishing or activating the Farmers Group, farmers group assistance, a program to procure demonstration field in each village, training, counseling, network formation, providing loan, etc.

Full Text:



Abeam, G. D., & Baiyegunhi, L. J. S. (2018). Welfare impact of pesticides management practices among smallholder cocoa farmers in Ghana. Technology in Society, 54(1), 10-19.

Adamson, D. (2006), Community regeneration policy, the state and civil society, in Day, G., Dunkerley, D. and Thompson, A. (Eds), Civil Society in Wales, University of Wales Press, Cardiff.

Adamson, D., & Bromiley, R. (2013). Community empowerment: learning from practice in community regeneration. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 26 (3), 190-202.

Ajani, E. N., Mgbenka, R. N., & Onah, O. (2015). Empowerment of Youths in Rural Areas through Agricultural Development Programmes: Implications for Poverty Reduction in Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 2 (2), 34-41.

CLG (2007), Action Plan for Community Empowerment, The Stationery Office, London.

Croes, R. (2014). Tourism and poverty reduction in Latin America: where does the region stand? Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 6 (3), 293-300.

Hermanto (2017). Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas: Human Resouce Development, Business Strengthening and Agricultural Innovation. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 35 (2), 139-150.

Noventi, I. A. (2017). Farmer Community Empowerment in Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik, 3 (3), 242-248.

Satriawan, B. & Oktavianti, H. (2012). Upaya Pengentasan Kemiskinan pada Petani Menggunakan Model Tindakan Kolektif Kelembagaan Pertanian. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 13 (1), 96-112.

Simmons, R., & Birchall, J. (2008). The role of co-operatives in poverty reduction: Network perspectives. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 2131–2140.



  • There are currently no refbacks.