Local Autonomy: State-Centered Government Wrapped in Citizen-Centered Governance in the Tourism Development

Purbayakti Kusuma Wijayanto, Soesilo Zauhar, Luqman Hakim, Abdullah Said


This city is called Batu Tourism City. Nine great modern-made tourism objects exist in this city. Four million tourist visits occur in this city. All built only since 16 years of local autonomy that they get. But many people said, "That is not ours." "We can't do anything.” “Miserable." Some authoritative actions of the local government appear to be different from the established policies. There was a conflict from communitiy elements. How exactly is the management of tourism development carried out? The results found four patterns in the management of tourism development. Tourism policy preferences regulated through participatory planning, tourism development is set to improve people's welfare, tourism development is facilitated by the Mayor and the City Government of Batu, and tourism development tends to be carried out by private capitalists through the entrance of tourism business investment. State-Centered Government Wrapped in Citizen-Centered Governance. Local autonomy that occurs is a type of autonomy in which the local government relies on its strong power to translate preferences into public policy under conditions of divergence. A type of autonomy in which public officials use the autonomy authority and the opportunities to free themselves from obstacles from social actors who have different preferences.


local autonomy, tourism development; local government; local governance

Full Text:



Bevir, M. (2011). The SAGE Handbook of Governance. Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, Singapore, Washington DC: SAGE.

Dworkin, G. (1988). The Theory and Practice of Autonomy. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kuncoro, M. (2012). Perencanaan Daerah: Bagaimana Membangun Ekonomi Lokal, Kota, dan Kawasan?, Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Nordlinger, E.A. (1981). On the Autonomy of the Democratic State. Massachusetts dan London: Harvard University Press.

Norton, A, (1994). International Handbook of Local and Regional Government: A Comparatif Analysis of Advanced Democracies, Cheltenham dan Lyme: Edward Elgar.

Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A. & Tonamey, J.(2006). Local and Regional Development. London dan New York: Routledge.

Reid, D.G. (2003). Tourism, Globalization and Development: Responsible Tourism Planning. London dan Virginia: Pluto Press.

Shah, A. & Shah, S. (2006). Local Governance in Developing Countries. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Sharpley, R. (2009). Tourism Development and the Environment: Beyond Sustainability? London: Earthscan.

Suksi, M. (2011). Sub-State Governance through Territorial Autonomy: A Comparative Study in Constitutional Law of Powers, Procedures and Institutions. London: Springer.

Sumantri, J.S. (2015), Filsafat Ilmu: Sebuah Apresiasi terhadap Ilmu, Agama, dan Seni, Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Sunaryo, B, (2013). Kebijakan Pembangunan Destinasi Pariwisata: Konsep dan Aplikasinya di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Gava Media.

Telfer, D.J. & Sharpley, R., (2008). Tourism and Development in the Developing World. London dan New York: Routledge.

Wilson, D. & Game, C. (1994). Local Government in United Kingdom. Hampshire dan London: the Macmillan Press Ltd.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jpas.2020.005.01.8


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.